Exchange Q&A: Exchange Administration (6)

1.What kind of relationship between AD and Exchange?

Active Directory provides application direcroty for applications, so we can see Active Directory as a kind of database of Exchange Server. Exchange Serevr must work together with Active Directory and it’s necessary to prepare Active Directory before we started installtion of Exchange Server.

2.What are the AD related tools and operations?

  • Active Administrative Center: A centralized porrtal to take management of Active Direcroty;
  • Active Directory Domain and Trusts: A place to take management of domain and trusts, we can manage domain function level in there;
  • Active Directory Sites and Services: A place to take management of sites and services, we can create or manage sites and subsites in there, and manage services;
  • Active Users and Computers: A place to take management of users and computers, we can manage computers, contacts, groups, Organizational Units, printers, users or Share Folders in there.

3.What are the 3 steps for prepare AD?

Setup.exe /IAcceptExchangeServerLicenseTerms /PrepareSchema

Setup.exe /IAcceptExchangeServerLicenseTerms /PrepareAD /OrganizationName:”CONTOSO”

Setup.exe /IAcceptExchangeServerLicenseTerms /PrepareAllDomains

or

Setup.exe /IAcceptExchangeServerLicenseTerms /PrepareDomain:domain1.contoso.com

4.How to know that prepared AD operation has worked?

Two methods:

  • Verify the values of the specified objects using ADSI Edit;
  • Check the Exchange setup log.

5.How to install Exchange Server on unattended mode?

Run the command like the following:

Setup.exe /IAcceptExchangeServerLicenseTerms /Mode:Install /Roles:Mailbox

6.What are the steps that in unattended mode for Exchange Server Mailbox role Installation?

  • Preparing Setup;
  • Stopping Services;
  • Copying Exchange Files;
  • Language Files;
  • Language Configuration;
  • Exchange Management Tools;
  • Mailbox role: Transport Service;
  • Mailbox role: Client Access Service;
  • Mailbox role: Unified Messaging Service;
  • Mailbox role: Front End Transport Service
  • Mailbox role: Client Access Front End Service;
  • Finalizing Setup.

7.How to know the Exchange Server Installation was successfully?

View the Exchange Server setup logs located at C:\ExchangeSetupLogs folder.

8.What are the roles and the relative functions for the different version of Exchange Server?

Exchange 2010:

  • Mailbox Server: hosts mailbox and public folders;
  • Client Access Server: hosts the client protocols;
  • Unified Messaging Server: connects a Private Branch eXchange system to Exchange 2010;
  • Hub Transport Server: routes mail within the Exchange organization;
  • Edge Transport Server: sits at the perimeter of the topology and routes mail in to and out of the Exchange organization.

Exchange 2013:

  • Mailbox Server: includes client access protocols, transport services, mailbox databases, unified messaging, and handles all activities for active mailboxes;
  • Client Access Server: includes authentication, redirection, proxy services for HTTP/POP/IMAP/AMTP, this server is a thin and stateless server, does not do any data rending, nothing is queued or stored here;
  • Edge Transport Server: includes transport service, address rewriting, anti-spam and anti-malware filtering and attachment filtering.

Exchange 2016:

  • Mailbox Server: contains  transport services, mailbox databases, client access services and Unified Messaging components;
  • Edge Transport Server: handle all inbound and outbound Internet mail flow by providing mail relay and smart host services for Exchange organization.

Exchange 2019:

Nothing changes happened to Server Roles architecture but deleted UM Service.

9.What are the difference between the recipients of Mail User and Mail Contact?

A mail user’s profile also existed in Active Directory, but a mail contact is not.

10.What is Accept Domains in Exchange Server?

Accepted domains are the SMTP name spaces  that configure in an Exchange organization to receive email messages, and it consist of the following two types, Authoritative domains and Relay domains (Internal and External).

Still have questions? Click here to view Microsoft’s official documentation on Exchange.

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